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Gut Health And Your Well Being

Dr. Vivek Baliga 

Cardiologist and Consultant Physician

Dr. Vivek Baliga B. is a consultant physician and cardiologist, and director of Baliga Diagnostics in Bengaluru. He is a keen advocate of patient education and loves to blog about all things health-related. Learn more about him at


Gut health is being recognised as a cornerstone of overall well-being, impacting not just digestion but also immune function, mental health, and even weight management. At the heart of gut health lies the microbiome, a complex ecosystem of bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms that inhabit our digestive tract. 

When the gut microbiome is diverse and balanced, it fosters efficient digestion, bolsters our immune defences and contributes to positive mental states. Conversely, an imbalance or dysbiosis in the microbiome has been linked to a host of health issues, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), allergies, autoimmune disorders, and even mood disorders like anxiety and depression. Several lifestyle factors can influence the health of our gut microbiome. Diet, for instance, plays a crucial role. Consuming a variety of fibre-rich foods, fruits, vegetables and fermented foods nourishes beneficial gut bacteria, promoting diversity within the microbiome. On the other hand, diets high in processed foods, sugar and saturated fats can disrupt microbial balance and contribute to inflammation. 

In addition to diet, managing stress levels and getting adequate sleep are vital for gut health. Chronic stress can alter gut motility, compromise immune function and disrupt the delicate balance of gut bacteria. Incorporating stress-reducing practices like mindfulness, meditation and regular physical activity can help maintain a healthy gut-brain connection. 

Prioritising gut health isn't just about avoiding discomfort; it's about fostering a thriving internal ecosystem that supports every aspect of our well-being. By nourishing our microbiome through mindful lifestyle choices, we lay the foundation for a healthier, happier life.


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